The need for learning in native language

Azizullah Ema The native language begins as his first rhythm and vocal sounds that creates some kind of mutual understanding between children and mothers. Mother by the movements of the child in the abdomen and children by mother’s sense of body creates a helpful relationship.  When a baby is born, the eye contact between mother and child is the first expression, child by crying makes her mother feel to breastfeed him. Child's language development process starts even before birth, voices of mother, father, environment is heard. The first sounds of children are in a way that mimics the sounds of long heard ones in abdomen combined with the vocals. Children when hear words from mother and surroundings learn the first one-syllabic words. This short expressive words are the beginning of the game between child and mother. It can be said as some kind of language game between mother and child and is shaped by special rules. Childish words, although briefly, is sound in connection with the dialect mother and child environment, can be its first circle of understanding between mother and child or parent and child. Among the many sounds children hear, the tune and the beginning of a word's spelling, are sometimes interconnected with the intermediate and final syllables: Mother ( mader – Maa ) Father ( padar – Paa) Come (Bya – Baa) Go (boro- Bo) The sounds play a fundamental role in the structure of their native language. Dr. Tevh Tangas, professor and theorist about the native language says: 'Native language is the language by which man thinks and dreams. "And adds that native language is like skin on body that does not change and other languages are not covering more. Native language teacher with experience in Switzerland found that many children who have been away from the first environment, can learn another language quickly…

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Woman in her own Solemnity

Tahmina Tomyris Woman the creator of history, isolated in the form of a figure, a color isolated in the light, a figure isolated in space of body. Beyond the naked figure, Woman inciting the people with all its grooves, is standing firm, against the wall of all strict incursions, traditions and symbols. Sometimes like a light, sometimes a material, sometimes like the surface, sometimes the body. Woman is the form of independence within the body, the body that whatever is happening is barred more than before. The organ that passes through skin and flesh, and now like a machine, is turned cold and hard. The woman alive brings the machine into life once more, in the form of a picture hanging on the wall, picture that is spread out on the wall, an image that requires her to fight for the emancipation of the people, sensual powers latent in the head, wants to move up from this state, to be in a position to be variable and different from what is symbolic of modern women.  Symbolic place, an artificial mannequins, disposable, Mannequins with sensual colors, such as those that suit the man, get out of the place where it does not belong. Thus, becomes body that escapes from feminist, gender that is not the first nor the second, which was lost possession and harsh in search of identity, beyond naked or covered body, and is born again to emerge out free from sense of insanity and seduction of body . Is born as a fluid line between the sacred and the evil, in the moment to impact the deterioration of brightness, to escape away from the symbols and tradition and spring out free from any outbreaks and looting of tradition and redeem society. Woman becomes as a shell for herself and her existence…

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Woman in her own Solemnity

Tahmina Tomyris Woman the creator of history, isolated in the form of a figure, a color isolated in the light, a figure isolated in space of body. Beyond the naked figure, Woman inciting the people with all its grooves, is standing firm, against the wall of all strict incursions, traditions and symbols. Sometimes like a light, sometimes a material, sometimes like the surface, sometimes the body. Woman is the form of independence within the body, the body that whatever is happening is barred more than before. The organ that passes through skin and flesh, and now like a machine, is turned cold and hard. The woman alive brings the machine into life once more, in the form of a picture hanging on the wall, picture that is spread out on the wall, an image that requires her to fight for the emancipation of the people, sensual powers latent in the head, wants to move up from this state, to be in a position to be variable and different from what is symbolic of modern women.  Symbolic place, an artificial mannequins, disposable, Mannequins with sensual colors, such as those that suit the man, get out of the place where it does not belong. Thus, becomes body that escapes from feminist, gender that is not the first nor the second, which was lost possession and harsh in search of identity, beyond naked or covered body, and is born again to emerge out free from sense of insanity and seduction of body . Is born as a fluid line between the sacred and the evil, in the moment to impact the deterioration of brightness, to escape away from the symbols and tradition and spring out free from any outbreaks and looting of tradition and redeem society. Woman becomes as a shell for herself and her existence…

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Killid Magazine

CSHRN publishes a human rights page in Dari and Pashto in the weekly family magazine “Killid”. This magazine has an edition of 25'000 copies, which are available in nearly all of Afghanistan. Through this page, basic human rights concepts are explained in a simple language and different human rights organisations and activists are presented each week. ....................................................................................... دموكراسي و انتخابات حسين سرامد چنانی كه مي‌دانيم، در حكومتهاي دموكراتيك، قدرت، خاستگاه مردمي دارد و بنابر خواست و رضايتِ مردم و از طريقِ قرارداد ميانِ مردم ايجاد مي‌شود؛ يعني زمامداران و صاحبانِ قدرت، در واقع، امانتدارانِ قدرت اند، كه براي مدتِ معيني، در مرجعيتِ استفاده و اِعمالِ قدرت قرار گرفته اند. معين و محدود بودنِ زمانِ حكومتِ زمامداران به اين معناست، كه مردم صلاحيتِ آن را دارند، كه بعد از مدتِ معيني، شخصِ ديگری را امانتدارِ قدرتِ خود بسازند. از اين رو قرار گرفتن در مرجعيتِ رهبري و اعمالِ قدرتِ سياسي، تنها از طريقِ جلب و كسبِ رضايتِ مردم، امكان پذير است و هر كسي كه خواسته باشد در اين مرجع قرار گيرد، بايد موردِ توافق و رضايتِ مردم باشد، در غيرِ آن، از هيچ طريقِ ديگر، امكانِ رسيدن به مرجعيتِ اِعمالِ قدرتِ سياسي، امكان پذير نيست. در نظامهای دموکراتیکِ امروزی، اراده و رضايتِ مردم، از طريقِ انتخابات تبارز مي‌يابد. انتخابات، امكانِ آن را فراهم مي‌سازد، كه مردم فارغ از هرگونه ترس و فشار و نگراني، آزادانه، زمامدارِ موردِ نظرِ خود را برگزينند. مكانيسمِ انتخابات به گونه‌ یي است، كه به صورتِ طبيعي، توافقِ نظرِ اكثريتِ مردم را آشكار مي‌سازد. يعني هركسي مي‌خواهد در مرجعيتِ رهبري و استفاده از قدرتِ سياسي قرار گيرد، بايد توافقِ اكثريتِ مردم را با خود داشته باشد، تا بتواند به مشروعيتِ اِعمالِ قدرت برسد. در واقع، فرضِ انتخابات بر اين است، كه حكومت بايد توسطِ اكثريت، يا نمايندۀ اكثريت، اداره شود؛ زيرا ما ناگزيريم كه…

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Civil Society Role on Strengthening Human Rights

In 8-April-2012 the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission (AIHRC) conducted a conference in Mazar province on evaluation of AIHRC 2011 action plan. The conference began by recitation of some versus of Holly Quran. Consequently Mr. Said Mohammad Samey the director of Mazar regional office of AIHRC welcomed the participants. In this conference Mrs. Sima Samar country director of AIHRC, Mr. Ahmad Fahim Hakim deputy of AIHRC, Musa Mahmudi executive director of AIHRC, Abdulahad Farzam director of Bamyan regional office of AIHRC, Ahmad Seyar Lalee representative of Civil Society and Human Rights Network(CSHRN) and Mrs. Homa Alizoy representative of Afghanistan Women Rights Network (AWN) had their own statements. Please read the statement of Mr. Ahmad Seyar lalee the representative of CSHRN. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- By The Name of Powerful and Righteous God Civil Society Role on Strengthening Human Rights Dear all; Availing to the opportunity first at all I would like to thank Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission particularly the organizers of this important event. An especial thanks because of given me this chance to present the viewpoint of Civil Society and Human Rights Network (CSHRN) on the issue of “Civil Society Role in Strengthening Human Rights”. Indispensible role of civil society importantly contributes to perpetuation and promotion of human rights in a society that no one can ignore this important role. Rights of the citizens are one of the most important values of modern civil society, which is weaved to inalienable civil freedoms of citizens. Legal researchers and anthropologists believe that civil society and its significant role builds the legal base of democratic states. Civil society is not only promoting and strengthening human rights values but also strengthening legitimacy of democratic states. These are two main pillars of rule of law and push the states towards transparency and accountability. Another…

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Civil Society Role on Strengthening Human Rights

In 8-April-2012 the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission (AIHRC) conducted a conference in Mazar province on evaluation of AIHRC 2011 action plan. The conference began by recitation of some versus of Holly Quran. Consequently Mr. Said Mohammad Samey the director of Mazar regional office of AIHRC welcomed the participants. In this conference Mrs. Sima Samar country director of AIHRC, Mr. Ahmad Fahim Hakim deputy of AIHRC, Musa Mahmudi executive director of AIHRC, Abdulahad Farzam director of Bamyan regional office of AIHRC, Ahmad Seyar Lalee representative of Civil Society and Human Rights Network(CSHRN) and Mrs. Homa Alizoy representative of Afghanistan Women Rights Network (AWN) had their own statements. Please read the statement of Mr. Ahmad Seyar lalee the representative of CSHRN. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- By The Name of Powerful and Righteous God Civil Society Role on Strengthening Human Rights Dear all; Availing to the opportunity first at all I would like to thank Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission particularly the organizers of this important event. An especial thanks because of given me this chance to present the viewpoint of Civil Society and Human Rights Network (CSHRN) on the issue of “Civil Society Role in Strengthening Human Rights”. Indispensible role of civil society importantly contributes to perpetuation and promotion of human rights in a society that no one can ignore this important role. Rights of the citizens are one of the most important values of modern civil society, which is weaved to inalienable civil freedoms of citizens. Legal researchers and anthropologists believe that civil society and its significant role builds the legal base of democratic states. Civil society is not only promoting and strengthening human rights values but also strengthening legitimacy of democratic states. These are two main pillars of rule of law and push the states towards transparency and accountability. Another…

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Radio Programme on International Humanitarian Law (IHL)

The radio programme on International Humanitarian Law (IHL) in Afghanistan is debating the role of the international conventions on humanitarian law in the current situation of Afghanistan and their implication for the international and national military operations. The programme consists of two parts: analysis and debate. An international lawyer with expertise in international law prepares an analysis of the situation. Then the moderator of the radio programme asks questions from the guests invited in the program according to this analysis. The main focus of the programme is to deliberate questions regarding the killing of innocent people during military operations, the conditions of prisoners of war, the conditions in the prisons controlled by international military troops in Afghanistan, the role of the international community in monitoring IHL in Afghanistan, the role of the Afghan state and the international community regarding IHL and … The programme is aired once a month by Good Morning Afghanistan with the collaboration of the Civil Society and Human Rights Network. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- "نــــــــگاه ژرف" رشته برنامه های تحلیلی پیرامون گفتمان های ارزشی در پیوند با فرهنگ حقوق بشر ۱۸٫۰۵٫۲۰۱۱ برنامۀ بیست و چهارم چه باید کرد ها پژوهش از ملک ستیز، پژوهشگر امور بین المللی مجری برنامه: حشمت الله رادفر   بیست و چهارمین و واپسین برنامه از مجموعه برنامه های نگاه ژرف به ارزیابی و بررسی موضوعات مطرح شده در برنامه های گذشته ویژه شده است. آقای ملک ستیز پژوهشگر امور بین المللی مهمان ویژه ی این برنامه با مثبت ارزیابی کردن موضوع هایی که در این برنامه ها مورد بحث قرار گرفته، پیشنهاد های مشخصی را در پیوند با رعایت قوانین بشردوستانه بین المللی در افغانستان عنوانی رسانه ها، جامعه مدنی، دولت، طرف های درگیر جنگ (نیرو های بین المللی و نهاد های امنیتی افغانستان) و جامعه بین المللی مطرح کرده اند. با توجه…

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Access to information is a strategic priority for CSHRN

Access to information is one of the main needs of the Afghan society. Widespread corruption, lack of attention to the demands of citizens for information during the past elections, lack of useful, strong, relationship of confidence relationships between Afghan citizens and the Afghan state are the main negative results of this lack of information in Afghanistan. During the past six years, the Civil Society and Human Rights Network (CSHRN) organized a number of dialogues related to access to information and its role in the Afghan society. To work on this issue, CSHRN organized an analytical symposium on access to information on 29 May 2009 in Mazar-e-Sharif. The participants of the symposium discussed access to information and proposed ways on how to implement it in Afghanistan. During the symposium, Afghan intellectuals presented analytical articles, illustrating different perspectives on the role of access to information and democratization. During the symposium, the participants suggested CSHRN to work on a draft law on access to information. Consequently, a working group of four persons was elected to work on a such a draft. The members of the working group are: Mr. Sayeed Mohammad Islami, a famous religious scholar, Mr. Rahim Ibrahim, a professor of journalism at Balkh University, Mr. Taqhi Wahedi, an well known Afghan writer and human rights activist, and Mr. Kawa Sahab, a law expert. The working group in Mazar-e-Sharif elaborated a first draft law on access to information during the eight months following the symposium. Having the first draft law on access to information, CSHRN started to discuss this draft with civil society, state institutions and Afghan intellectuals and academics all over the country. CSHRN has defined five steps in its action plan on dialogues for the law on access to information: 1- Step: The working group on the law…

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Why did CSHRN choose Herat city to work on reducing family violence?

By Malek Sitez This question has been raised many times since CSHRN started to work on organizing a campaign to reduce family violence in Herat city. A lawyer, who is responsible for the ministry of justice in Herat, asked this question during the human rights symposium in Herat. This question is understandable as violence is not only an issue in Herat but in all of Afghanistan. Afghanistan has been suffering from domestic violence for many years, in particular since 1992 when the civil war and sectarian conflicts began. To explain the reasons I need to divide my article into two parts, describing the problems as well as the opportunities existing in Herat city regarding family violence. At the end of this article I will draw a picture of the current work of CSHRN in the region. Problems: Islamic fanatics and their bad influence on family violence. Between 1994 and 1996 Herat became one the most important targets of Islamic fundamentalists and Taliban. The Taliban captured Herat city after Qhandahar. During the Taliban period, the people of Herat, above all women and children, badly suffered from a lack of fundamental freedoms. The role of women became a very passive one and man's domination in families reached a very high level. This unbalanced role of men and women turned into an important reason for family violence in Herat. Bad and incorrect interpretation of Islamic values regarding the role of women. The fanatic Taliban and Mujahedin parties misinterpreted Islam for the sake of their strategy and ideology, particularly with regard to the role of women in society. They wanted to show that women were a passive part of the Herat society, destined to serve men. “It is big shame to respect women!” This culture does not only predominate in Herat, but…

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Access to information is a strategic priority for CSHRN

Access to information is one of the main needs of the Afghan society. Widespread corruption, lack of attention to the demands of citizens for information during the past elections, lack of useful, strong, relationship of confidence relationships between Afghan citizens and the Afghan state are the main negative results of this lack of information in Afghanistan.During the past six years, the Civil Society and Human Rights Network (CSHRN) organized a number of dialogues related to access to information and its role in the Afghan society. To work on this issue, CSHRN organized an analytical symposium on access to information on 29 May 2009 in Mazar-e-Sharif.The participants of the symposium discussed access to information and proposed ways on how to implement it in Afghanistan. During the symposium, Afghan intellectuals presented analytical articles, illustrating different perspectives on the role of access to information and democratization. During the symposium, the participants suggested CSHRN to work on a draft law on access to information. Consequently, a working group of four persons was elected to work on a such a draft. The members of the working group are: Mr. Sayeed Mohammad Islami, a famous religious scholar, Mr. Rahim Ibrahim, a professor of journalism at Balkh University, Mr. Taqhi Wahedi, an well known Afghan writer and human rights activist, and Mr. Kawa Sahab, a law expert. The working group in Mazar-e-Sharif elaborated a first draft law on access to information during the eight months following the symposium.Having the first draft law on access to information, CSHRN started to discuss this draft with civil society, state institutions and Afghan intellectuals and academics all over the country.CSHRN has defined five steps in its action plan on dialogues for the law on access to information:1- Step: The working group on the law of access to information presented…

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