Afghanistan is a country that suffered from different kind of conflicts during the past 35 years. Around one million Afghans have been killed and approximately two million others became physically and psychologically disabled. During the war the infrastructure of Afghanistan had been damaged badly that caused about five million Afghans to become refugees and displaced persons. During the war, the conflict parties haven’t respected the international humanitarian law; as a result many Afghans became the victims of such phenomenon. After the Taliban collapse, the international military forces organized a lot of operations against the international terrorism in Afghanistan . According to civil society organizations, during the military operations many civilians became the casualties and victims during the war against terrorists in the country. Some international troops in Afghanistan have organized their presence in Afghanistan . They arrested a number of Afghans and detainees. Sometimes the reports show that the prisoners’ even innocent civilians have become the victims of torture & inhuman behaviors.
The Civil Society & Human Rights Network has decided to promote the culture of international humanitarian law in Afghanistan based on Geneva conventions. The goal of the program is to promote accountability and transparency of the Afghan state and the role of the international actors in the field of international humanitarian law. Based on the project an educational manual on international humanitarian law will be developed trained and promoted in Afghanistan. The educational manual deals with tree components. The first component is thematic issue; the manual will cover the conventions and international mechanisms on international humanitarian law. The second component covers the issue of role and responsibilities of states and international actors in Afghanistan . Here, the role of civil society is also covered by the educational manual. The third component, deals with methodologies of implementation of the manual.
The working group composed by national and international experts work together to develop the manual. The manual will be discussed by civil society organizations, academic institutions and some other international experts. The manual will mainly focus on the Afghan context. It is important that the manual should be understandable and usable in simple and local languages. The working group will have one year to develop the manual. The working group will present the draft of the manual to the general assembly of CSHRN. The general assembly will adopt the manual and will be implemented accordingly. The manual will be disseminated to the state, civil society and international institutions.