Since the selection of members of the peace negotiation in Doha, not only the disproportion between male and female members of the peace delegation is under question, the absence of civil society representatives from the peace talks is also highly worrying.
In an interview with the CSHRN, Ms. Saqib added that despite the efforts to integrate women into the composition of the peace delegation, the absence of civil society representatives, journalists, and other women’s groups is alarming. “Although the female members of the negotiation team are committed to women’s rights, they primarily represent various political parties, and priority for them would be their political interests” So if the composition is not revised, the rights of women will remain at stake. ” The imbalance in the number of male and female representatives in the composition of the negotiating team is also one of the issues that have been criticized by some experts, said Ms. Saqib. War and peace are usually masculine. Despite the fact that women are heavily impacted by war, they are usually marginalized in peace discussions. “Women can play an important role in peace negotiation as they constitute more than half of the population and they are the main victims of war. If women’s role is ignored, the peace settlement will not be sustainable. “
CSHRN: What are women’s expectations from peace negotiations?
Saqib: First and foremost, women expect that a ceasefire is agreed upon. And, the right to participate in social, political, economic, and educational activities are among women’s other demands. Finally, they expect that a mechanism is in place which protects the human rights of women.
Ms. Saqib argues that corruption and unsafe working environment are among other challenges that women expect to get rid of in the post-peace political system. “Corruption and unsafe working environment sometimes force women to quit their jobs or work with a fake identity.” She believes that female journalists are most vulnerable to this challenge.
CSHRN: What are other reasons for the vulnerability of female journalists?
Saqib: Young female journalists who cover the news are exposed to inappropriate behaviors by government employees or they are sometimes denied complete information due to their gender. Additionally, due to the rise of extremism, the number of female journalists has decreased in recent years. According to Ms. Saqib, a safe workplace and educational opportunities for women and an open political and social space are prerequisites for female journalists.
CSHRN: How optimistic are you about the outcome of these negotiations?
Saqib: The Afghan peace process is not fully under the control of the Afghan people, rather the process is manipulated by regional and international actors. However, Afghans should try to determine their fate themselves.
According to Ms. Saqib, changing the Taliban’s view of Afghan women and improving their living conditions depends on the determination of the government and the people regarding their expectations from peace talks. The importance of the demands of the Afghans and their ability must be acknowledged by the international actors.